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Site of death in the hospital versus nursing home of Medicare skilled nursing facility residents admitted under Medicare's Part A Benefit



Site of death in the hospital versus nursing home of Medicare skilled nursing facility residents admitted under Medicare's Part A Benefit



Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 52(8): 1247-1254



To determine factors that predict site of death (hospital vs nursing home (NH)), related costs, and geographic variation in site of death of NH residents admitted under the Medicare Part A Benefit. Retrospective cohort study. NHs located in the United States (N=13,146). All persons admitted to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) in 2001 who died in a SNF (n=101,307) or hospital (n=51,187). Patient, facility, and geographic characteristics associated with death in a hospital and receipt of Medicare payment. Absence of a do-not-resuscitate order, non-Caucasian ethnicity, greater functional independence, and higher cognitive status correlated with hospital as the site of death. Rural, hospital-based, and government-owned facilities had the lowest in-hospital death rates. Site of death varied widely from state to state. Of those who died in a hospital, 24.2% (12,410) died within 24 hours of transfer. The average daily combined stay Medicare payment for those who died in the hospital was $969, versus $300 for those who died in a NH. Patient and facility characteristics predict site of death of Medicare NH patients, but in-hospital death rather than NH death varies geographically and is associated with higher daily Medicare payment.

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Accession: 012561886

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15271110

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52352.x


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