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Structural organization of an encephalitic human isolate of Banna virus (genus Seadornavirus, family Reoviridae)

Structural organization of an encephalitic human isolate of Banna virus (genus Seadornavirus, family Reoviridae)

Journal of General Virology 86(Pt 4): 1147-1157

Banna virus (BAV) is the type species of the genus Seadornavirus within the family Reoviridae. The Chinese BAV isolate (BAV-Ch), which causes encephalitis in humans, was shown to have a structural organization and particle morphology reminiscent of that of rotaviruses, with fibre proteins projecting from the surface of the particle. Intact BAV-Ch virus particles contain seven structural proteins, two of which (VP4 and VP9) form the outer coat. The inner (core) particles contain five additional proteins (VP1, VP2, VP3, VP8 and VP10) and are 'non-turreted', with a relatively smooth surface appearance. VP2 is the 'T = 2' protein that forms the innermost 'subcore' layer, whilst VP8 is the 'T = 13' protein forming the core-surface layer. Sequence comparisons indicate that BAV VP9 and VP10 are equivalent to the VP8* and VP5* domains, respectively, of rotavirus outer-coat protein VP4 (GenBank accession no. P12976). VP9 has also been shown to be responsible for virus attachment to the host-cell surface and may be involved in internalization. These similarities reveal a previously unreported genetic link between the genera Rotavirus and Seadornavirus, although the expression of BAV VP9 and VP10 from two separate genome segments, rather than by the proteolytic cleavage of a single gene product (as seen in rotavirus VP4), suggests a significant evolutionary jump between the members of these two genera.

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Accession: 012589506

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PMID: 15784909

DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.80578-0

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