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Susceptibility of the mealy plum aphid, Hyalopterus pruni (Homoptera: Aphididae) to two isolates of Steinernema feltiae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) under laboratory conditions


Susceptibility of the mealy plum aphid, Hyalopterus pruni (Homoptera: Aphididae) to two isolates of Steinernema feltiae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) under laboratory conditions



Pakistan Journal of Nematology 24(1): 49-55



The mealy plum aphid (MPA), Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy) (Homoptera: Aphididae) is the most severe pest of plum in Turkey. Entomopathogenic nematodes appear to be a candidate to control this pest. Two entomopathogenic nematode isolates viz., Steinernema feltiae (All type) and S. feltiae (S3) (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) were evaluated against the MPA adult using three closes 125, 50 and 100 infective juveniles (IJ)/0.2 nil distilled water per adult insect) and at three different temperatures (10, 15 and 25 [degree]C). The mortality was recorded after 72 and 96 It of each incubation. According to the results of death ratio in MPA adults after 96 h application are;, All type at 25 IJ/0.2 ml water per adults; 41.6% at 10, 15 [degree]C and 47.2% at 25 [degree]C; for S3; 38.8% at 10 [degree]C; 41.6% at 15 [degree]C and 47.1% at 25 [degree]C All type at 50 IJ/0.2 ml water per adults; 50% at 10 [degree]C; 61.1% at 15 [degree]C and 66.6% at 25 [degree]C for S3; 55.5% at 10 [degree]C 63.8% at 15 [degree]C and 69.4% at 25 [degree]C; All type at 100 IJ/0.2 ml water per adults: 58.3% at 10 [degree]C; 72.2% at 15 [degree]C and 74.9% at 25 [degree]C: for S3; 66.6% at 10 [degree]C; 77.7% at 15 [degree]C and 83.3% at 25 [degree]C. These results suggested that entomopathogenic nematodes could be used in controlling MPA.

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Related references

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