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The budget of dissolved trace metals in Lake Biwa, Japan

Mito, S.; Sohrin, Y.; Norisuye, K.; Matsui, M.; Hasegawa, H.; Maruo, M.; Tsuchiya, M.; Kawashima, M.

Limnology 5(1): 7-16

2004


ISSN/ISBN: 1439-8621
DOI: 10.1007/s10201-003-0111-4
Accession: 012637444

A comprehensive study on the dynamics of dissolved elements (Mg, Al, Si, P, Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Zn, As, Sr, Y, W, and U) in Lake Biwa was carried out using a clean technique. Lake water samples (n=523) were collected from six stations in the North Basin and three stations in the South Basin. River water samples (n=178) were collected from 14 major rivers flowing into the North Basin. Rainwater samples (n=89) were collected at Otsu. The river water was enriched with Mn, Al, Fe, P, and Zn and the rainwater was enriched with Zn, Al, Fe, and Mn compared to North Basin water during winter mixing. The residence times of dissolved species were estimated on the basis of input through the rivers and rain. The residence times for Ca, Mg, and Sr were about 8 years, the same as that for water. Mn, Al, Fe, and Zn showed the shortest residence times (0.05-0.19 year). A budget calculation suggested that more than 60% of the input of dissolved Si, P, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, and Zn was scavenged and retained in the lake sediments and/or discharged as suspended particles.

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