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The interaction between ketamine and some crown ethers in common organic solvents studied by NMR: the effect of donating atoms and ligand structure



The interaction between ketamine and some crown ethers in common organic solvents studied by NMR: the effect of donating atoms and ligand structure



Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 63(2): 370-376



1H NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate the stoichiometry and stability of the drug ketamine cation complexes with some crown ethers, such as 15-crown-5 (15C5), aza-15-crown-5 (A15C5), 18-crown-6 (18C6), aza-18-crown-6 (A18C6), diaza-18-crown-6 (DA18C6), dibenzyl-diaza-18-crown-6 (DBzDA18C6) and cryptant [2,2,2] (C222) in acetonitrile (AN), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and methanol (MeOH) at 27 degrees C. In order to evaluate the formation constants of the ketamine cation complexes, the CH3 protons chemical shift (on the nitrogen atom of ketamine) was measured as function of ligand/ketamine mole ratio. The formation constant of resulting complexes were calculated by the computer fitting of chemical shift versus mole ratio data to appropriate equations. A significant chemical shift variation was not observed for 15C5 and 18C6. The stoichiometry of the mono aza and diaza ligands are 1:1 and 1:2 (ligand/ketamine), respectively. In all of the solvents studied, DA18C6 formed more stable complexes than other ligands. The solvent effect on the stability of these complexes is discussed.

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Accession: 012662794

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PMID: 15978863

DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2005.05.022


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