The translation of Helicobacter pylori basic research to patient care
Ernst, P.B.; Peura, D.A.; Crowe, S.E.
Gastroenterology 130(1): 188-206; Quiz 212-3
In 1984, Barry Marshall and Robin Warren proposed a role for bacterial infections in the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal disease, which triggered an avalanche of research intended to prove or disprove their theory. The result has been a series of advances that have enhanced our understanding of these diseases and completely modernized the clinical approach to their management. In just over 20 years, many aspects of the immunopathogenesis of these diseases have been dissected at the molecular level, with key pathogenic mechanisms being validated by the identification of genes that are associated with the development of gastric cancer. There has been particular emphasis on understanding the molecular structures associated with Helicobacter pylori and their role in modifying the host responses. Gastric immune and inflammatory responses have emerged as key elements in the pathogenesis of gastritis and epithelial cell damage. This review summarizes important findings emanating from basic research primarily related to the immunopathogenesis of H pylori that have advanced the practice of medicine or our understanding of gastroduodenal disease.