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Uterine involution and fertility of holstein cows subsequent to early postpartum PGF2alpha treatment for acute puerperal metritis


Uterine involution and fertility of holstein cows subsequent to early postpartum PGF2alpha treatment for acute puerperal metritis



Journal of Dairy Science 87(10): 3238-3246



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-0302

PMID: 15377603

DOI: 10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(04)73460-8

The objective was to evaluate the effect of 2 doses of PGF(2alpha) injected early postpartum on uterine involution, serum concentration of acute phase proteins at 12 d postpartum, and fertility in Holstein cows with acute puerperal metritis. Only cows diagnosed with retained fetal membranes and metritis and treated with ceftiofur hydrochloride for 5 d were used in the study. Two hundred cows were assigned randomly to be treated (n = 100) or to serve as controls (n = 100). Treatment consisted of 2 i.m. injections of PGF(2alpha) 8 h apart on d 8 postpartum. A subsample of 90 cows was selected randomly (45 treated cows; 45 controls) to evaluate uterine diameter using ultrasonography, uterine score, and serum concentrations of acute phase proteins at 12 d postpartum. The outcome variable for all cows was conception rate at first service. Postpartum, primiparous, treated cows had smaller uterine diameters and lower uterine scores than controls. Cows with a uterine diameter <5.1 cm at 12 d postpartum were 5.5 times more likely to conceive at first service than cows with larger uterine horn diameter. Treatment significantly reduced the concentrations of serum alpha1-acid glycoprotein. Within primiparous cows, treatment also increased conception at first service by 17%. It was concluded that 2 doses of PGF(2alpha) 8 h apart at 8 d postpartum in primiparous cows with acute puerperal metritis decreased the diameter of uterine horns and serum concentration of alpha1-acid glycoprotein at 12 d postpartum and increased the conception rate at first service.

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Accession: 012731961

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