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Apple industry performance, intellectual property rights and innovation: a Canada-U.S. Comparison



Apple industry performance, intellectual property rights and innovation: a Canada-U.S. Comparison



International Journal of Fruit Science 6(1): 93-116



This study examines the changing structure of the apple industry in Canada and the USA over the last two decades. We attempt to describe whether changing policy environments (e.g. Canada-USA Free Trade Agreement) and strengthened intellectual property (IP) rights have affected innovativeness and the competitive position of the North American apple industry.

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Accession: 012766331

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DOI: 10.1300/J492v06n01_07


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