Influence of varieties, dates of planting, spacing and nitrogen levels on growth, yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Kandiannan, K.; Chandaragir, K.K.

Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 76(7): 432-434


ISSN/ISBN: 0019-5022
Accession: 012798227

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A study was conducted during 2000/01 and 2001/02, at Bhavanisagar, Tamil Nadu, India, to evaluate the effects of planting date (15 May, 15 June and 15 July), spacing (30x15, 45x15 and 60x15 cm) and nitrogen level (125, 150 and 175 kg/ha) on the growth, yield and quality of turmeric cultivars BSR 1 and BSR 2. Data were recorded for plant height, leaf area index, dry matter production, fresh and dry yield, dry recovery and curcumin percentage. Results revealed that BSR 2 outyielded BSR 1. On average, BSR 2 recorded 5.75 tonnes of dry yield/ha, which was 11.7% higher than that of BSR 1. Early planting, closer spacing and high nitrogen level significantly increased the growth, yield and quality parameters of both turmeric cultivars.