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Sugar profiles of the pods of cultivated and wild types of carob bean (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Turkey



Sugar profiles of the pods of cultivated and wild types of carob bean (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Turkey



Food Chemistry 100(4): 1453-1455



The aim of the study was to determine the main sugar profiles of the pods, without the seeds, of cultivated and wild types of the carob bean grown in the Mediterranean and Aegean basin of Turkey. The most abundant sugar in the pods was sucrose with smaller amounts of glucose and fructose. The pods of cultivated varieties had a higher (p < 0.05) total sugar concentration of 531 pl 93 g/kg dry weight than the wild type selections which had 437 pl 77 g/kg. However, this difference was due to the greater concentration of sucrose in the cultivated varieties which did not differ from the wild types in their concentrations of fructose or glucose. The ratios of individual sugars to total sugars in the pods were similar in both varieties. There is a need to identify extreme wild types, including high seeds and low pod, and cultivated types, containing low seeds and high pod, rich in sugar for an exhaustive picture of the sugar profiles of the varieties.

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Accession: 012890356

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DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.11.037


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