Section 13
Chapter 12,950

Blockade of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) prevents the antigen-induced response in a murine model of allergic airway inflammation

Amano, T.; Nishihira, J.; Miki, I.

Inflammation Research Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society . 56(1): 24-31


ISSN/ISBN: 1023-3830
PMID: 17334667
DOI: 10.1007/s00011-007-5184-9
Accession: 012949426

Download citation:  

The role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a proinflammatory cytokine, was tested using a mouse asthma model. One hundred and four male BALB/c mice were used in this study. Mice were actively sensitized with an intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) and challenged with repeated nebulization of 1 w/v% OVA. Polyclonal anti-MIF antibody was intraperitoneally injected at 10 mg/kg during the antigen challenge period. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed 8 h after the last challenge. Airway hyperresponsiveness to inhaled methacholine was measured 24 h after the last challenge. Antigen challenge to immunized mice induced increase in inflammatory cells and concentration of Th2 cytokines in BAL fluid (BALF), and caused the development of airway hyperresponsiveness. Anti-MIF antibody significantly decreased the numbers of inflammatory cells including macrophages, eosinophils, lymphocytes and neutrophils in BALF from OVA-challenged mice. Prednisolone decreased the numbers of eosinophils, lymphocytes and neutrophils but not macrophages. Anti-MIF antibody reduced airway hyperresponsiveness. Anti-MIF antibody affected neither the cytokine levels in BALF nor the IgE levels in serum. MIF was involved in the antigen-induced inflammatory cell accumulation in the lung and airway hyperresponsiveness without affecting immune responses.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90