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Comparison of essential oils composition of Johreniopsis seseloides from Iran, population Tehran and Kurdistan



Comparison of essential oils composition of Johreniopsis seseloides from Iran, population Tehran and Kurdistan



Daru 14(2): 75-77



Johreniopsis seseloides (C.A.MEY) Pimenov (Umbelliferae) was collected from Tehran and Kurdistan provinces in August 2004. The essential oil of the plant powdered aerial parts which were prepared by hydro-distillation and Clevenger type apparatus were about 0.1% and 0.15% (v/w) respectively. The oil had pale yellow color and intensive odor. The essential oils were analyzed with GC/MS. Thirty six Compounds were identified from two plants, accounting 77.19% and 97.04% of the oil contents respectively. The essential oil of J.seseloides from Darake (Tehran province) contains monoterpenes (24.05%) and sesquiterpenes (43.19%). The essential oil of J.seseloides collected from Gardaneh Haris Kurdistan (Kurdistan province) contains monoterpenes (69.67%) and sesquiterpenes (26.69%). The main constituents of the essential oil of J.seseloides from Tehran were spathulenol (18.21%) and a-terpineol (7.97%). followed by hexahydro-farnesyl acetone (7.05%) and alpha-pinene (6.98%). Other monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, either as hydrocarbons or oxygenated, were present in smaller amounts. The essential oil of J.seseloides from Kordestan province was found to be rich in alpha-pinene (26.25%), alpha-bornyl acetate (12.36%), limonene (10.32%), alpha-fenchyl acetate (9.06%) and beta-caryophyllene (8.58%). The essential oil of other species of Johreniopsis has not been investigated up to now and this is the first report about essential oil components of J.seseloides.

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