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Decapod crustaceans used as food by the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-u village, State of Amazonas, Brazil



Decapod crustaceans used as food by the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-u village, State of Amazonas, Brazil



Acta Amazonica 36(3): 369-374



The Yanomami area group of South American Indians that live in the rainforest along the borderlands of Brazil and Venezuela. They depend on hunting, gardening and wild food for survival; crustaceans are a highly prized food item in their diet. Taxonomical and ethnozoological aspects of the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-u village, state of Amazonas, Brazil, related to the crustaceans are described. Information and specimens were obtained from August to December, 2003. Inter-views were conducted with residents of the village and focused on questions about species exploited, indigenous names, modes of capture and use of the species. One shrimp species of the family Palaemonidae (Macrobrachium brasiliense) and two crab species of Trichodactylidae (Sylviocarcinus pictus, Valdivia serrata) as well as two of Pseudothelphusidae (Fredius fittkaui, F. platyacanthus) were recorded. The indigenous names applied to these species are: shubu, for shrimp, oko and peimatherimi for each of the two pseudothelphusid crabs, and hesiki totorema for both trichodactylid crabs.

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