+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Fate of sex hormones in two pilot-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants: conventional treatment



Fate of sex hormones in two pilot-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants: conventional treatment



Chemosphere 66(8): 1535-1544



The fate of seven sex hormones (estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), ethinylestradiol (EE2), testosterone, androstenedione, and progesterone) was determined in two pilot-scale wastewater treatment plants operated under conventional loading conditions. The levels of hormones in both the liquid and the solid matrixes of the plants were determined. Each of the two 20-l/h pilot-scale plants consisted of a primary clarifier followed by a three-stage aeration tank and a final clarifier. The primary sludge and the waste activated sludge (WAS) were digested anaerobically in one pilot plant and aerobically in the other. The pilot plants were fed a complex synthetic wastewater spiked with the hormones. Levels of testosterone, androstenedione and progesterone were close to method detection limit (MDL) concentrations in the final and digester effluents (both liquid and solid phases) and were considered as completely removed. Average mass flux removals from the liquid streams (plant influent minus secondary clarifier effluent) for the natural estrogens were 82% for E1, 99% for E2, and 89% for (E1+E2). An average overall removal of only 42% was achieved for EE2. These values reflect removals averaged for the two pilot plants.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 012973235

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17083962

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.08.020


Related references

Determination of sex hormones and nonylphenol ethoxylates in the aqueous matrixes of two pilot-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants. Environmental Science & Technology 38(11): 3028-3035, 2004

Pilot-scale removal of pharmaceuticals in municipal wastewater: Comparison of granular and powdered activated carbon treatment at three wastewater treatment plants. Journal of Environmental Management 193: 491-502, 2017

Full scale investigation of the fate of bioavailable phosphorus during conventional and advanced municipal wastewater treatment. Water Science & Technology 17(11-12): 317-320, 1985

Removal and fate of emerging organic micropollutants (EOMs) in municipal wastewater by a pilot-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment under varying solid retention times. Science of the Total Environment 667: 671-680, 2019

Fate of mutagenic activity during conventional treatment of municipal wastewater sludge. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 19(5): 657-664, 1990

Fate of aromatic hydrocarbons in Italian municipal wastewater systems: an overview of wastewater treatment using conventional activated-sludge processes (CASP) and membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Water Research 45(1): 93, 2011

Occurrence and fate of amisulpride, sulpiride, and lamotrigine in municipal wastewater treatment plants with biological treatment and ozonation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 320: 204-215, 2016

Emerging Micropollutants in Treatment Systems || Sources and Fate of Nitrosodimethylamine and Its Precursors in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. Water Environment Research 77(1): 32-39, 2005

A specific pilot-scale membrane hybrid treatment system for municipal wastewater treatment. Bioresource Technology 169: 52-61, 2014

The fate and risk of selected pharmaceutical and personal care products in wastewater treatment plants and a pilot-scale multistage constructed wetland system. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 21(2): 1466-1479, 2014

Comparison between a fixed bed hybrid membrane bioreactor and a conventional membrane bioreactor for municipal wastewater treatment: a pilot-scale study. Bioresource Technology 152: 212-219, 2014

Nitrous oxide and methane emissions from different treatment processes in full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants. Environmental Technology 34(21-24): 2917-2927, 2014

Sources and fate of nitrosodimethylamine and its precursors in municipal wastewater treatment plants. Water Environment Research 77(1): 32-39, 2005

Occurrence, sources, and fate of benzothiazoles in municipal wastewater treatment plants. Environmental Science & Technology 39(10): 3792-3798, 2005

Characterization and Fate of N -Nitrosodimethylamine Precursors in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants. Environmental Science & Technology 38(5): 1445-1454, 2004