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Genetic differences between Culex pipiens f. molestus and Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in New York


Genetic differences between Culex pipiens f. molestus and Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) in New York



Journal of Medical Entomology 44(1): 50-59



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2585

PMID: 17294920

DOI: 10.1603/0022-2585(2007)44[50:gdbcpf]2.0.co;2

The definition and phylogenetic placement of the autogenous molestus form of Culex pipiens has puzzled entomologists for decades. We identified genetic differences between Cx. p. pipiens (L.) and Cx. pipiens f. molestus Forskal in the SH60 fragment described previously. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis, cloning, and sequencing of this fragment demonstrated high polymorphism within and among individual Cx. p. pipiens, with common SH60 variants shared among individuals from distant locations. In contrast, Cx. pipiens f. molestus from New York City each contained a single SH60 variant, which was not identified in any other Cx. p. pipiens specimens analyzed. Supporting microsatellite analysis demonstrated significant but reduced gene flow between Cx. p. pipiens and Cx. pipiens f. molestus in New York relative to Cx. p. pipiens populations in New York and California. Results are discussed in the context of two contrasting hypotheses regarding the origin of Cx. pipiens f. molestus populations.

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Accession: 012976104

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Related references

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