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Impaired insulin secretion in vivo but enhanced insulin secretion from isolated islets in pancreatic beta cell-specific vascular endothelial growth factor-A knock-out mice



Impaired insulin secretion in vivo but enhanced insulin secretion from isolated islets in pancreatic beta cell-specific vascular endothelial growth factor-A knock-out mice



Diabetologia 50(2): 380-389



Endothelial cells are considered to be essential for normal pancreatic beta cell function. However, there have been no reports showing their importance for beta cell function. Using mice with disrupted vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene specifically in beta cells, we investigated the relation between islet vascular structure and beta cell function. Mice with disrupted vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene specifically in beta cells had reduced islet vascular density with impaired formation of endothelial fenestration. While their fasting glucose and body weight were comparable with control mice, their glucose- and tolbutamide-induced rapid insulin release were impaired, thus resulting in glucose intolerance. On the other hand, glucose and KCl enhanced the levels of insulin secreted from islets isolated from these mice. In addition, the production of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors in the islets was increased. Insulin content and expression of insulin I and pancreas duodenum homeobox 1 mRNA in the islets were also increased. Our results indicate that an abnormal quality and quantity of blood vessels due to reduced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A in beta cells could be a cause of impaired insulin secretion without impairment of beta cell function.

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Accession: 012982268

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17180351

DOI: 10.1007/s00125-006-0512-0


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