Quantification of trace elements in human serum fractions by liquid chromatography and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Mestek, O.; Kominkova, J.; Koplik, R.; Kodicek, M.; Zima, T.
Applied Organometallic Chemistry 21(1): 5-14
On-line coupling of LC and ICP-MS has been used for fractionation and detection of species of Cu, Fe, I, Se and Zn in human serum. It has been shown that anion exchange chromatography provided better separation capability (both intra- and inter-element) than size-exclusion chromatography. The mobile phases for ion exchange chromatography consisted of Tris-HNO3 buffer and ammonium salt (nitrate, acetate or formate). Formate was found to be the best mobile phase counter ion, enabling good chromatographic separation, and is acceptable for mass spectrometry too. The quantitative evaluation of element concentrations adhering to individual fractions was performed by the peak area normalization method. The repeatability of results ranged from 3 to 15% (depending on the element concentration level) and represented the main part of the result uncertainty. The accuracy of Cu and Zn fraction determinations was confirmed by comparison with the isotope dilution technique. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.