Studies on the zooplankton community of a shallow lagoon of the Southern Baltic Sea: long-term trends, seasonal changes, and relations with physical and chemical parameters
Feike, M.; Heerkloss, R.; Rieling, T.; Schubert, H.
Hydrobiologia 577: 95-106
ISSN/ISBN: 0018-8158 DOI: 10.1007/s10750-006-0420-9
The Dar[beta]-Zingst Lagoon, a coastal inlet of the southern Baltic Sea, was subject to extended monitoring. The biomass data of zooplankton from 1969 to 2001 were used to analyze long-term trends and to correlate zooplankton biomass with abiotic factors. The dominant species in the lagoon were the calanoid copepods Eurytemora affinis and Acartia tonsa, and the rotifer Keratella cochlearis f. tecta. In the long-term trend, two pronounced changes in zooplankton biomass and species composition were observed. They are discussed in connection with a shift in dominance from macrophytes to phytoplankton and the invasion of a polychaet species into the lagoon. Significant relations between zooplankton data and abiotic parameters were found. While temperature, precipitation and NAO winter index correlated positively with copepods and negatively with rotifers, the relationships were inversely for pH-value and duration of ice cover.