The effect of short-term lyophilized beer consumption on established hypertension in rats
Jastrzebski, Z.; Gorinstein, S.; Czyzewska-Szafran, H.; Leontowicz, H.; Leontowicz, M.; Trakhtenberg, S.; Remiszewska, M.łg.
Food and Chemical Toxicology An International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 45(2): 296-302
Effects of short-term lyophilized beer (LB) consumption on normotensive (WKY) and hypertensive (SHR) rats are reported. It was found that LB contains high quantities of bioactive compounds and has a high antioxidant potential. The WKY and SHR rats were divided into four groups of 8, two experimental and two controls, which were named LBWKY and LBSHR and ControlWKY and ControlSHR, respectively. LB was given to the rats of the LBWKY and LBSHR groups intragastrically at a dose of 2.72 g/kg in a volume of 10 ml/kg for 10 days. The rats of the control groups received saline solution. The following indices were determined: body weight gain, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, using a tail cuff method and GABA accumulation in the hypothalamus and the pons-medulla as measured by GABA-T inhibition. It was found that the treatment of rats with LB had no effect on the blood pressure and heart rate values. In both rat strains, LB decreased GABA accumulation in the hypothalamus and the pons-medulla. A significant reduction of body weight gain was observed in both LB-treated groups when compared with the corresponding controls. In conclusion, LB contains high quantities of bioactive compounds and possesses a high antioxidant potential. Diet supplemented with LB causes significant reduction of the central GABAergic activity in WKY and SHR rats without any effect on cardiovascular function. In addition, in both animal strains there was an apparent inverse association between LB intake and body weight gains.