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Differential impact of metacyclic and blood trypomastigotes on parasitological, serological and phenotypic features triggered during acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection in dogs



Differential impact of metacyclic and blood trypomastigotes on parasitological, serological and phenotypic features triggered during acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection in dogs



Acta Tropica 101(2): 120-129



A detailed follow-up investigation of the major parasitological, serological and phenotypic features in dogs experimentally infected with metacyclic (NIT) and blood (BT) trypornastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi strain Berenice-78, typifying vectorial and transfusional transmission of human Chagas disease, has been conducted. Although there were no changes with respect to the window of patent-parasitaemia, significant differences between MT- and BT-infected dogs in both the prepatent period (days 23 and 19, respectively) and the day of maximum parasitaemia (days 26 and 22, respectively) were recorded. A progressive enhancement in the level of T cruzi-specific antibodies accompanied infection by both MT and BT forms, although higher IgG titres developed on days 14 and 21 following infection with NIT forms. Higher Thy-1(+)/CD21(+) and lower CD4(+)/CD8(+) cell ratios, occasioned by increased levels of Thy-1(+) and CD8(+) T-cells and reduced frequencies of CD4(+) T-cells and CD21(+) B-lymphocytes, were observed in both MT- and BT-infected animals. The reduced frequency of CD 14' leukocytes was revealed as the most relevant phenotypic feature intrinsic to T cruzi infection independent of inoculum source. BT-specific phenotypic features included an early reduction in the percentage of circulating CD21(+) and CD14(+) leukocytes, together with a higher Thy-1(+)/CD21(+) cell ratio on day 42. On the other hand, higher levels of CD8(+) T-cells, together with a lower CD4(+)/CD8(+) cell ratio on day 28, were characteristic of MT infection. These findings emphasise the importance of inoculum source and suggest that vectorial or transfusional routes of T cruzi infection may trigger distinct parasite-host interactions during acute Chagas disease.

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Accession: 013052823

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17296162

DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2006.12.009



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