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Changes in sleeping metabolic rate and glucose induced thermogenesis during a diet or a diet


Changes in sleeping metabolic rate and glucose induced thermogenesis during a diet or a diet



Nutrition research 10(6): 615-626



ISSN/ISBN: 0271-5317

After 4 weeks of dieting, 4 weeks of frequent exercise training (6 h/wk) were added to a low energy diet of 3.0 MJ/day in 6 out of 12 healthy obese female subjects (aged 30-46 years) in order to compare changes in sleeping metabolic rate (SMR) and glucose induced thermogenesis (GIT). On the basis of BMI and percentage of body fat a diet group (D) and a diet-exercise group were formed (DE). SMR and GIT were both measured during a 36-h stay in a respiration chamber. Weight loss and changes in body composition were similar after 4 weeks of dieting. Adding 4 weeks of physical training for the DE group after 4 weeks of dieting did not result in significant differences between D and DE. SMR decreased significantly after 4 weeks of dieting (D 13%; DE 12%, P less than 0.05), a decrease which was not restored by the addition of 4 weeks of exercise in the DE group. However, compared to the values obtained after 4 weeks of dieting SMR in the DE group tended to increase, which was in agreement with the lower decrease of triiodothyronine (T3) in the DE group (3.5%) compared to the D group (12%). GIT tended to decrease during the first 4 weeks of dieting but a significant decrease in GIT was only demonstrated in the diet-exercise group after 8 weeks. After weight reduction plasma concentrations of glucose and insulin decreased for the D and DE group both during fasting and after a glucose load.

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Accession: 013091289

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