+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Forage potential on intercropping berseem clover with barley, oat, or triticale

Agronomy Journal- 96(4): 1013-1020

Forage potential on intercropping berseem clover with barley, oat, or triticale

Intercropping berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) with silage cereals may increase forage yield and quality. Berseem clover was intercropped with barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), oat (Avena sativa L.), or triticale (xTriticosecale rimpaui Wittm.) at 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 cereal plants m(-2) at Edmonton, Alberta, from 1998 to 2001. Cereals dominated Cut 1 (silage-stage) yield, and berseem clover dominated regrowth yield. As cereal density decreased from 240 to 60 plants m(-2), Cut 1 yield decreased from 10.5 to 9.3 Mg ha(-1) dry matter (DM), berseem clover percentage of Cut 1 increased from 5 to 14%, and berseem clover regrowth yield (Cut 2) increased from 1.8 to 3.0 Mg ha(-1) DM. Total season intercrop yields with barley or oat at 60 plants m(-2) were greater than or equal to yields with 240 plants m(-2). Total season intercrop DM yields did not differ among the three cereal species in 3 of 4 yr. Triticale intercrops had advantages of greater Cut 1 yield and greater berseem clover percentage in Cut 1. Barley intercrops had advantages of greater Cut 2 yield and greater total season protein yield. Greater Cut 2 yield with barley intercrops was related to earlier silage-stage (Cut 1) harvest date. Intercropping berseem clover with reduced seeding rates of cereals improved Cut 1 forage quality. When berseem clover was 20% of Cut 1 yield, neutral detergent fiber was 25 to 45 g kg(-1) less than with cereals alone. The crude protein of berseem clover regrowth averaged 210 g kg(-1), providing high quality late-season forage.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service: $29.90)

Accession: 013128374

Related references

Intercropping berseem clover with barley and oat cultivars for forage. Agronomy Journal 96(6): 1719-1729, 2004

Forage yield and competition indices of berseem clover intercropped with barley. Agronomy Journal0: 6, 1749-1756, 2008

Managing alfalfa and berseem clover for forage and plowdown nitrogen in barley rotations. Agronomy Journal 87(6): 1176-1181, 1995

Yield and nitrogen fixation of berseem clover as a potential winter forage crop, under semiarid conditions. Arid Soil Research & Rehabilitation 6(4): 261-270, 1992

Forage potential of intercropping barley with faba bean, lupin, or field pea. Agronomy Journal 100(1): 182-190, 2008

Effect of mixed sowing of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) and barley (Hordium vulgare L.) on the green fodder, dry matter and seed yield of berseem Forage crop, Egypt. Annals of agricultural science Moshtohor8(18): 27-36, 1982

Forage production potential of oats, barley and triticale varieties. Indian Journal of Agronomy 25(1): 149-150, 1980

Economic and biological benefits of intercropping berseem clover with oat in corn-soybean-oat rotations. Journal of Production Agriculture 10(2): 314-319, 1997

The effect of mixing barley with fahl berseem or meskawi berseem cultivars trifolium alexandrinum in comparison with pure stand of both cultivars on green forage dry matter and protein yield. Zeitschrift fuer Acker- und Pflanzenbau 146(2): 81-89, 1978

Forage: Bigbee berseem clover. Information sheet Mississippi State University Cooperative Extension Service: 985 (1306), 1985