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Inheritance of growth habit, cotyledon color, and cup-leaf in Melilotus alba



Inheritance of growth habit, cotyledon color, and cup-leaf in Melilotus alba



Journal of the American Society of Agronomy 34(2): 160-166



Genetic studies with Melilotus alba have shown that: The growth habits of F.C. 13074 and of the dwarf-branching segregate of F.P.I. 89911 are inherited as simple recessives to the common growth type. The gene determining the dwarf-branching character in F.C. 13074 is different from the gene determining a similar character in the Alpha type and also different from the gene determining the dwarf-branching type in F.P.I. 89911. These genes are designated as d1 for Alpha, d3 for F.C. 13074, and d4 for F.P.I. 89911. Yellow cotyledon color is a simple dominant to green cotyledon, but the F1 cotyledon color usually resembles that of the maternal parent. Environment appears to play a part in determining the color of the F1 cotyledon. Cup-leaf is determined by a single gene which is recessive to normal leaf. Genes i (green cotyledon), c (cup-leaf), and d3 (growth habit of F.C. 13074) are independently inherited.

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Accession: 013144354

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DOI: 10.2134/agronj1942.00021962003400020007x


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