Microtubule pattern and the occurrence of pre-phophase bands in embryogenic cultures of black spruce (Pieca mariana Mill.) and non-embryogenic cultures of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.)
Tautorus, T.; Wang, H.F.wke, L.; Dunstan, D.
Plant cell reports 1(8): 419-423
The organization of microtubules during interphase and prophase in embryogenic cultures of black spruce (Picea mariana) was investigated by indirect immunofluorescence. Somatic embryos of black spruce possessed an extensively branched and interconnecting network of fine interphase cortical microtubules. The development of pre-prophase bands (PPBs) in embryogenic black spruce cultures was compared with that in non-embryogenic cell cultures of jack pine (Pinus banksiana). PPBs in both species were initially arranged as a very broad array of microtubules, later (early to mid-prophase) becoming narrower and more intensely fluorescent. The occurrence of pre-prophase bands in relation to the number of phragmoplasts (i.e. PPB index) of black spruce somatic embryos was significantly higher (p < 0.01) than that found for jack pine cells.