The WEPP watershed model. I. Hydrology and erosion
Ascough, J.I.; Baffaut, C.N.aring, M.; Liu, B.
Transactions of the ASAE 40(4): 921-933
The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) watershed scale model is a continuous simulation tool that extends the capability of the WEPP hillslope model to provide erosion prediction technology for small cropland and rangeland watersheds. The model is based on fundamentals of erosion theory, soil and plant science, channel flow hydraulics, and rainfall-runoff relationships, and contains hillslopes, channels, and impoundments as the primary components. The hillslope and channel components can be further divided into hydrology and erosion components. Channel infiltration is calculated by a Green-Ampt Mein-Larson infiltration equation. A continuous channel water balance is maintained, including calculation of evapotranspiration, soil water percolation, canopy rainfall interception, and surface depressional storage. The channel peak runoff rate is calculated using either a modified Rational equation or the equation used in the CREAMS model. Flow depth and hydraulic shear stress along the channel are computed by regression equations based on a numerical solution of the steady state spatially varied flow equations. Detachment, transport, and deposition within constructed channels or concentrated flow gullies are calculated by a steady state solution to the sediment continuity equation. The impoundment component routes runoff and sediment through several types of impoundment structures, including farm ponds, culverts, filter fences, and check dams. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the model conceptual framework and structure. In addition, detailed mathematical representations of the processes simulated by the channel hydrology and erosion components are presented. The processes simulated by the impoundment component are not described in this article, but it does include impoundment effects on watershed model channel peak discharge and time of concentration calculations.