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Towards the genetic engineering of triacylglycerols of defined fatty acid composition: major changes in erucic acid content at the sn-2 position affected by the introduction of a 1-acyl-sn-glucerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase from Limnanthes douglasii into oil seed rape



Towards the genetic engineering of triacylglycerols of defined fatty acid composition: major changes in erucic acid content at the sn-2 position affected by the introduction of a 1-acyl-sn-glucerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase from Limnanthes douglasii into oil seed rape



Molecular breeding: new strategies in plant improvement(2): 133-142



A cDNA encoding a 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase from Limnanthes douglasii was introduced into oil seed rape (Brassica napus) under the control of a napin promoter. Seed triacylglycerols from transgenic plants were analysed by reversed-phase HPLC and trierucin was detected at a level of 0.4% and 2.8% in two transgenic plants but was not found in untransformed rape seed. Total fatty acid composition analysis of seeds from these selected plants revealed that the erucic acid content was no higher than the maximum found in the starting population. Analysis of fatty acids at the sn-2 position showed no erucic acid in untransformed rape but in the selected transgenic plants 9% (mol/mol) and 28.3% (mol/mol) erucic acid was present. These results conclusively demonstrate that the gene from L. douglasii encodes a 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase which can function in rape and incorporate erucic acid at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols in seed. Additional modifications may further increase levels of trierucin.

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Towards the genetic engineering of triacylglycerols of defined fatty acid composition: major changes in erucic acid content at the sn-2 position affected by the introduction of a 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase from Limnanthes douglasii into oil seed rape. Molecular Breeding 2(2): 133-142, 1996

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