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Nutrition study in pregnancy. Dietary analyses of seven-day food intake records of 514 pregnant women, comparison of actual food intakes with variously stated requirements, and relationship of food intake to various obstetric factors



Nutrition study in pregnancy. Dietary analyses of seven-day food intake records of 514 pregnant women, comparison of actual food intakes with variously stated requirements, and relationship of food intake to various obstetric factors



Amer Jour Obstet And Gynecol 43(1): 1-20



Analyses of the diets of 514 pregnant [female][female] indicated that only 10 could be termed good, 209 fair and 295 poor. In all elements they fell much below the standard diets of the National Research Council. The [female][female] represented several population, economic, racial and nationality groups. Caloric, carbohydrate and fat intakes were unaffected by income. Vit, A and B1, ascorbic acid and riboflavin rose with the income. Protein, Ca and Fe rose slightly with increased income. No relationship was shown between dietary adequacy and complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Toxemia apparently did not result from insufficient protein, vit. A or B1 intake. The number of abortions, hemorrhages, pyelitis, cystitis, and intercurrent infections did not warrant conclusions. Deficient intake of protein or vit. A did not seem responsible for premature labor. The small number of neonatal deaths and stillbirths did not show positive relationship to dietary inadequacy. The diets of those women ill after delivery did not differ essentially from the entire group. The ability to nurse their babies was apparently not affected by protein intake. In most of the group with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy there was an intake below 600 I.U. vit. B1 In the 250 [female][female] with normal pregnancies the food intake did not vary from that of the entire group.

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