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Longitudinal follow-up of height up to five years of age in infants born preterm small for gestational age; comparison to full-term small for gestational age infants



Longitudinal follow-up of height up to five years of age in infants born preterm small for gestational age; comparison to full-term small for gestational age infants



Early Human Development 83(5): 327-333



Objective: This aims to conduct a comparative study of the height catch-up rate in preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants during early childhood by gestational age and identify the factors affecting short stature in comparison to ful-term SGA infants.Methods: 449 SGA infants (214 full-term infants, 73 infants with gestation of less than 32 weeks, and 162 infants with gestation of more than 32 weeks but less than 37 weeks) from 25 institutions in Japan were assessed for catch-up (>=-2SD) rate in growth by measuring for length/height at 1 year, 3 years and 5 years of age and the risk factors for no catch-up (<-2SD) at 5 years.Results: The overall length/height catch-up rate was 68% at 1 year, 89% at 3 years and 88% at 5 years. The catch-up rate at 3 and 5 years of age in the group with gestation of less than 32 weeks had a rate of 74%, which was significantly Less than the other two groups (approximately 90%). A significant factor associated with short stature at 5 years in the group with gestation of less than 32 weeks was the Lower length SD score at time of birth, and for preterm infants born more than 32 weeks of gestation and full-term infants, significant factors were the tower maternal height and head circumference at birth.Conclusion: SGA infants born less than 32 weeks of gestation had a higher risk of no catch-up and different factors affecting catch-up compared to preterm SGA infants of gestation more than 32 weeks and full-term SGA infants.

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Accession: 013752767

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PMID: 16930872

DOI: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2006.07.002


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