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Porcine small intestinal submucosa graft for repair of anterior urethral strictures

Porcine small intestinal submucosa graft for repair of anterior urethral strictures

European Urology 51(6): 1702-8; Discussion 1708

We evaluated porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) used in the treatment of inflammatory, iatrogenic, posttraumatic, and idiopathic strictures of bulbar and penile urethra. Midterm maintenance of urethral patency was assessed. Fifty patients aged 45-73 yr with anterior urethral stricture underwent urethroplasty using a porcine SIS collagen-based matrix for urethral reconstruction. Stricture was localized in the bulbar urethra in 10 patients, the bulbopenile area in 31 cases, and in the distal penile urethra in nine patients. All patients received a four-layered SIS patch graft in an onlay fashion. A voiding history, retrograde and antegrade urethrography, and cystoscopy were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. Failure was defined as stricture confirmed on urethrogram. After a mean follow-up of 31.2 mo (range: 24-36 mo), the clinical, radiological, and cosmetic findings were excellent in 40 (80%) patients. Restricture developed in one of 10 bulbar, five of 31 bulbopenile, and four of nine penile strictures. These all occurred in the first 6 mo postoperatively. All patients with recurrences needed further therapy, but there has been no additional recurrence observed to date. No complications such as fistula, wound infection, UTI, or rejection were observed. Use of inert porcine SIS matrix appears to be beneficial for patients with bulbar and bulbopenile strictures. Midterm results are comparable to skin flaps and mucosal grafts.

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Accession: 013794041

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PMID: 17306922

DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2007.01.099

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