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The effect of synthetic growth substances on the rooting of grape-vine cuttings

The effect of synthetic growth substances on the rooting of grape-vine cuttings

Palestine Jour Bot 7(1/2): 113-123

Cuttings of certain grape-vine hybrids (Rupestris du Lot, Chasselas x Berlandieri 41B, and Solonis x Rupestris 216-3) grafted with the var. Dattier de Beyrouth, were treated with ortho-chlorophenoxy-acetic acid, beta-napthoxyacetic acid, and indoleacetic acid, applied in lanolin, in concns. varying from 0.5- 5 mg./g., except the latter where 1 mg./g. was used. The first 2 were also tested in talc in concns. of 0.05, 0.5, and 5%, but lanolin proved to be the most suitable carrier. The growth substances were applied either at the base or at both base and apex of the stock cuttings. Rooting percentage of grape-vine rootstocks is increased; the cuttings root earlier and develop a superior root system. If applied at the graft union, these growth substances cause the formation of a strong connecting callus. Such treated vine grafts develop better in the nursery. In some instances, dipping into warm water or dilute solns. of growth substances increased the rooting percentage of vine grafts.

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