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Evidence for a factor which prevents the development of parthenocarpic fruits in the strawberry

Evidence for a factor which prevents the development of parthenocarpic fruits in the strawberry

Jour Exptl Bot 12(36): 199-206

DOI: 10.1093/jxb/12.2.199

Swelling of the receptacle in strawberry to form a fruit is confined to areas below fertilized carpels. Areas beneath unfertilized carpels fail to swell. The stimulus to swelling produced by gibberellic acid was also found to be limited by the presence of unfertilized carpels. Parthenocarpic fruits were produced by preventing the development of carpels either by treatment with maleic hydrazide or by manipulation of the environment. In the absence of carpels the receptacle swelled to form a parthenocarpic fruit. It is suggested that in unpollinated fruits development of fruit forming tissues ceases at anthesis because of an inhibitory factor produced by the maturing carpels, and that fertilization removes this inhibition and renders the fruit tissues susceptible to stimulation.

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Accession: 014039682

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