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Inheritance of crinkle, variegation, and albinism in sweet cherry

Inheritance of crinkle, variegation, and albinism in sweet cherry

Canadian Jour Bot 41(10): 1395-1404

Crinkle and variegation are virus-like leaf abnormalities that have occurred on Black Tartarian and Bing, and on Hedelfingen respectively. Albinism has also frequently occurred in progeny of these varieties. Reciprocal crosses were made between these varieties, and F2 populations of Hedelfingen X Black Tartarian and Hedelfingen X Bing were grown for 10 years. Crinkle and variegation are determined primarily by single recessive genes. Black Tartarian and Bing are each heterozygous for the crinkle gene and Hedelfingen is heterozygous for the variegation gene. When homozygous, the gene for variegation produces a severe form of variegation which is lethal during the first year of growth. Black Tartarian, Bing, and Hedelfingen are each heterozygous for a gene for albinism. The variability of crinkle and variegation, both as to severity and proportion of seedlings affected, indicates that modifying genes are present in these varieties. It is concluded that symptoms appear in a tree that is heterozygous for one of these genes when a further mutation of that gene occurs.

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Accession: 014082142

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DOI: 10.1139/b63-122

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