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Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt in Upland and Sea Island cottons as complicated by nematodes under field conditions



Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt in Upland and Sea Island cottons as complicated by nematodes under field conditions



Phytopathology 50(1): 44-48



Field studies on the inheritance of resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. vasinfectum, in Upland (Gossypium hirsutum) and Sea Island (G. barbadense) cottons were complicated by high populations of Meloidogyne incognita var. acrita. Clear-cut genetic ratios for Fusarium resistance factors were obtained only by reducing the nematode population with low-level applications of nematocide. Wilt resistance in Upland cotton was controlled by a major dominant gene with modifying genes for Fusarium resistance and by additional genes determining root-knot nematode resistance. Fusarium resistance in Sea Island cotton was controlled by 2 dominant genes, which were additive in effect and gave a high degree of resistance. Only one of the genes in Sea Island cotton was successfully transferred to Upland cotton.

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