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Inheritance of the ability of cotton seeds to germinate at low temperature in the first hybrid generation

Inheritance of the ability of cotton seeds to germinate at low temperature in the first hybrid generation

Crop Sci 2(3): 243-245

The inheritance of the ability of cotton seeds to germinate at low temperatures was studied in the F1 hybrid generation. Reciprocal crosses were made in 6 different combinations, and the hybrids were compared to the selfed parents of each cross. Germination tests were conducted at 12-13[degree]C and at 140C, and germinating seedlings were counted by 3 different assessment methods. The performance of the hybrids was either intermediate or showed partial or almost complete dominance. A strong maternal influence was found, which might be explained by the effect of the fuzz and the nature of the seedcoat. Conducting the test at 12-13[degree]C was found to be more efficient than at 14[degree]C in differentiating between varieties or hybrids in respect to this property.

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