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Inhibition of root growth and cation uptake by antibiotics



Inhibition of root growth and cation uptake by antibiotics



Soil Sci Soc Amer Proc 23(5): 368-370



Microbial products of an antibiotic nature produced in the rhizosphere may affect root growth and development. Twenty newer antibiotics have been tested to determine their activity in repressing elongation of roots of cucumber and growth of barley roots as measured by weight changes. Potency in repressing root elongation was found in most; 7 caused 50% repression at concentrations < 10 [mu]g/ml. Effects on conversion of barley seed endosperm to roots were demonstrated at similar but not identical concentrations. Effects on cation accumulation by excised 5-day-old barley roots were studied using various antibiotic concentrations in 10-3 M K2SO4. In no case was uptake found to be more sensitive than growth, and, with 4 of the 5 antibiotics studied, significant repression of uptake was observed only at concentrations many fold greater than those repressing growth.

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Accession: 014082911

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