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Recent work on the propagation of coffee from cuttings in Kenya

Recent work on the propagation of coffee from cuttings in Kenya

Trop Agric 35(1): 65-76

Growth-promoting substances are capable of accelerating the rooting of Coffea arabica cuttings by increasing the percentage of cuttings rooting during the third and fourth months following insertion. Of the substances used, Hortomone A at a 5% concentration as a powder treatment, [alpha]-naphthalene-acetic acid at 0.75 g and [beta]-indolyl-acetic acid at 0.25 g in 100 cc of liquid made up as half and half tap water and ethyl alcohol, and used as 2-second dips were the most promising treatments. The best type of cutting was the green, semi-ripe, 2 or 3 noded, nodal type taken from terminal sucker growths and prepared by making a wedge-shaped cut through the node. Though the most favourable rootings resulted when cuttings were taken at 8 a.m., good result were also achieved from cuttings taken between 8 a.m. and 1 p.m. Vermiculite and river silt at a one to one mixture, and river silt by itself, proved to be the best rooting media. For practical purposes a one to one mixture of red soil and river sand can be expected to produce almost as good rooting results. Cuttings rooted best during the rainy seasons.

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