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Reclamation of degraded lands in the Punjab



Reclamation of degraded lands in the Punjab



Empire Forest Rev 35(1): 64-71



The Panjab, a province of West Pakistan lying in the subtropical latitudes, has a severe continental type of climate. It suffers from high natural aridity and extremes of temperatures. Excessive pressure of population on land in the recent past in the Panjab led to further desiccation, accelerated soil erosion and land degradation. At present, various techniques are being followed to reclaim and rehabilitate the different deteriorated soils. Cultural operations aiming at soil and water conservation are carried out to combat soil erosion. Badly-ravined lands are levelled and terraced with heavy earth-moving machinery. Desert fringe belt receiving less than 10 inches of annual rainfall is being restocked with drought-resistant woody and forage spp. Some barren waste lands are being turned into irrigated forest plantations with canal water. Saline and alkali soils are being reclaimed by flooding and growing rice with large quantities of water. More research is needed to further refine and improve present reclamation techniques and management practices for rehabilitation of degraded soils.

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