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Some effects of stand density and deer browsing on reproduction in an Adirondack hardwood stand



Some effects of stand density and deer browsing on reproduction in an Adirondack hardwood stand



Jour Forest 56(2): 116-121



In experimental cuttings in mature northern hardwoods in northern N. Y., residual stands of approxi mately 70 and 100 sq. ft. basal area favored reproduction of beech over hard maple and yellow birch. An overstory of 50 ft.2 favored the maple and birch. Hard maple reproduction appeared less tolerant than the species is usually considered. Deer browsing markedly affected species composition of reproduction: maple, birch, and white ash developed normally only when protected by deer exclosures; beech was browsed less.

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