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Specific ophthalmia of cattle

Specific ophthalmia of cattle

Zentrabl Veterinarmed Reihe A 10(4): 286-294

The description and survey of an endogenous ophthalmia in cattle, hitherto not described in the literature, are presented. In Yugoslavia, the disease was first observed and investigated in the second half of 1961 and the beginning of 1962. Results are based mainly on examination of 520 abattoir cattle of different breeds and ages; and on clinical and epizootiological observation, laboratory examination of blood and material recovered from the diseased eyes, and biological tests. The clinical picture is identical with that in periodic ophthalmia of ungulates, but the incidence is somewhat lower. The disease occurs primarily and preponderantly among cattle in large breeding establishments and those crowded in a restricted space. The disturbances in the accessory organs of the eye are not always typical and so the exudative process in the bulbus may often pass unnoticed. The injection of exudate from a diseased eye into the healthy eye of another animal was successful in producing an inflammation of the eye fully corresponding to the natural disease. The etiology of the disease has not been recognized as yet but seems to be infectious in nature. The conditions giving rise to the occurrence of the disease as well as the negative results of bacteriological and parasitological examinations of the material from diseased eyes suggest a viral etiology.

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Accession: 014195304

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0442.1963.tb00160.x

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