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Plant colonization studies on black wastes from anthracite mining in Pennsylvania



Plant colonization studies on black wastes from anthracite mining in Pennsylvania



Trans Amerphilsoc 56(1): 1-194



Black wastes, from underground mining, are of 2 principal types "refuse"[long dash]shales accompanying coal and separated from raw coal at breakers; "sludge"[long dash]mineral material and fine coal washed from processed coal and pumped into settling basins. Refuse colonies, if at all, are extremely sparce with a very limited number of ligneous species; these, however, grow reasonably well. Herbs generally are absent. Sludge usually remains entirely uncolonized.

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Accession: 014607989

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DOI: 10.2307/1006024


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