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Serological identification of lactic acid bacteria

Serological identification of lactic acid bacteria

Mikrobiologiya, 36: 4, 675-83

21 of 25 strains of lactobacilli having the physiological characteristics of Lactobacillus casei were identified as this species by serological precipitin tests using antiserum prepared against 3 strains of L. casei or its varieties, and acid extracts of the organisms. 73 strains of lactobacilli (including L. plantarum isolated from epiphytic microflora, silage and meat, unidentified hompfermentative strains isolated from insects and wine, 21 strains identified as L. acidophilus, L. bulgaricus or L. helveticus) did not react with these antisera. Only 40 of 78 strains of L. plantarum isolated from epiphytic microflora, rumen and meat, reacted with an antiserum to L. plantarum, indicating antigenic heterogeneity in this species. Strains of L. acidophilus, L. bulgaricus and L. helveticus could not be differentiated serologically as cross-reactions occurred between the antisera and extracts of the different species.

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Accession: 014662659

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