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A genetic map of tetraploid Paspalum notatum Flugge (bahiagrass) based on single-dose molecular markers



A genetic map of tetraploid Paspalum notatum Flugge (bahiagrass) based on single-dose molecular markers



Molecular Breeding 20(2): 153-166



Paspalum notatum Flugge is a warm-season forage grass with mainly diploid (2n = 20) and autotetraploid (2n = 40) representatives. Diploid races reproduce sexually and require crosspollination due to a self-incompatible mating system, while autotetraploids reproduce by aposporous apomixis. The objectives of this work were to develop a genetic linkage map of Paspalum notatum Flugge at the tetraploid level, identify the linkage/s group/s associated with apomixis and carry out a general characterization of its mode of inheritance. A pseudo test-cross F-1 family of 113 individuals segregating for the mode of reproduction was obtained by crossing a synthetic completely sexual tetraploid plant (Q4188) as female parent with a natural aposporous individual (Q4117) as pollen donor. Map construction was based on single-dose markers (SDAFs) segregating from both parents. Two linkage maps (female and male) were constructed. Within each map, homologous groups were assembled by detecting repulsion-phase linked SDAFs. Putative Q4188 and Q4117 homolog groups were identified by mapping shared single dose markers (BSDF). The Q4188 map consisted of 263 markers distributed on 26 co-segregation groups over a total genetic distance of 1.590.6 cM, while the Q4117 map contained 216 loci dispersed on 39 co-segregation groups along 2.265.7 cM, giving an estimated genome coverage of 88% and 83%, respectively. Seven and 12 putative homologous chromosomes were detected within Q4188 and Q4117 maps, respectively. Afterward, ten female and male homologous chromosomes were identified by mapping BSDFs. In the Q4117 map, a single linkage group was associated with apospory. It was characterized by restriction in recombination and preferential chromosome pairing. A BPSD marker mapping within this group allowed the detection of the female homolog and the putative four male groups of the set carrying apospory.

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