+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A two-species marine algal bioassay for detecting aquatic toxicity of chemical pollutants

A two-species marine algal bioassay for detecting aquatic toxicity of chemical pollutants

Water research8(2): 187-194

A simple, rapid and sensitive two-species marine algal bioassay for determining the toxicity of chemical pollutants was developed. The bioassay employs the marine diatoms Phaeodactylum tricornutum (clone Phaeo) and Cyclotella cryptica (clone 03A), which were selected after screening 40 clones of 32 species for an optimum pair of organisms. These algae are easily grown in the laboratory, and the cells can be differentiated and counted with an electronic particle counter. Alteration of species ratio and/or total biomass were used to determine toxicity. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB, Aroclor 1254) at 10 parts per thousand million (109; ptm) significantly altered species ratio in favor of Phaeo, and 10 ptm of DDT (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane) and 20 ptm of dieldrin produced a significant species alteration opposite to that produced by PCB.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 014927578

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/0043-1354(84)90068-x

Related references

A 2 species marine algal bioassay for detecting aquatic toxicity of chemical pollutants. Water Research 18(2): 187-194, 1984

Sperm bioassay for detecting acute toxicity of chemical pollutants. Experientia 42(1): 85-86, 1986

New algal enzyme bioassay for the rapid assessment of aquatic toxicity. Bulletin Of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology. 56(5): 750-757, 1996

Development of a protozoan chemoattraction bioassay for evaluating toxicity of aquatic pollutants. Toxicity Assessment. 5(3): 279-292, 1990

Toxicity assessment of pollutants in the marine environment of kuwait using microbial bioassay. Toxicity Assessment 5(3): 237-252, 1990

A novel marine algal toxicity bioassay based on sporulation inhibition in the green macroalga Ulva pertusa (Chlorophyta). Aquatic Toxicology 75(3): 202-212, 2005

Axopodial degradation in the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis: a novel bioassay system for detecting heavy metal toxicity in an aquatic environment. Environmental Sciences 13(4): 193-200, 2006

Combined Toxicity of Ethylamine and Methylamine in an Aquatic Bioassay System Using the Marine Bacterium Vibrio Harveyi. Chemistry and Ecology 11(4): 183-192, 1995

Environmental impact of land-based pollutants on Izmit Bay (Turkey): short-term algal bioassays and simulation of toxicity distribution in the marine environment. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 31(4): 459-465, 1996

Toxicity of algal-derived aldehydes to two invertebrate species: do heavy metal pollutants have a synergistic effect?. Aquatic Toxicology 74(1): 20-31, 2005

First toxicity data of chlorophenols on marine alga Dunaliella tertiolecta: correlation of marine algal toxicity with hydrophobicity and interspecies toxicity relationships. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 31(5): 1113-1120, 2012

A Strategy to Replace the Mouse Bioassay for Detecting and Identifying Lipophilic Marine Biotoxins by Combining the Neuro-2a Bioassay and LC-MS/MS Analysis. Marine Drugs 16(12):, 2018

Sulfide tolerance of four marine bioassay test species used to evaluate sediment toxicity. Abstracts - Annual Meeting - Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) 15: 227, 1994

Sensitivity of different cytotoxic responses of Vero cells exposed to organic chemical pollutants and their reliability in the bio-toxicity test of trace chemical pollutants. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 23(3): 219-229, 2010

A Chlamydomonas Algal Bioassay for Detecting Growth Inhibitor Herbicides. Weed Science 28(5): 515-520, 1980