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Contractility of the ovarian vascular bed during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in gilts



Contractility of the ovarian vascular bed during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in gilts



Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 71(1): 65-71



The vasoconstrictor activity of the ovarian vascular bed in vitro was investigated during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy. Gilts were killed during the follicular phase (Days 20 to +1; N = 5) or luteal phase (Days 11 to 13; N = 4) of the oestrous cycle, or on Day 13 of pregnancy (N = 5). Immediately before death, a sample of vena cava blood was obtained for determination of progesterone and oestrogen (oestrone and oestradiol-17 beta) concentrations. One ovary was removed, cannulated, perfused in vitro, and subjected to 10-min infusions of saline (vehicle control) and noradrenaline. Vasoconstriction was provoked by electrical stimulation at the end of each infusion. Ovaries from luteal-phase gilts exhibited greater (P less than 0.01) vasoconstriction than did ovaries from follicular-phase and pregnant gilts at the end of saline and noradrenaline infusions. The oestrogen to progesterone ratio was less (P less than 0.01) for luteal-phase and pregnant than for follicular-phase gilts. Vasoconstriction was negatively correlated (r = -0.99, P less than 0.01) with the oestrogen to progesterone ratio in systemic blood of gilts during the oestrous cycle but not during early pregnancy (r = +0.39, P greater than 0.10), possibly due to an effect of the conceptuses.

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Accession: 015365885

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6726689

DOI: 10.1530/jrf.0.0710065



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