Determination of talinolol in human plasma by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: application to pharmacokinetic study
He, J.; Terhaag, B.; Yang, L.-Y.; Zhang, B.-K.; Su, F.-L.; Zhu, Y.-G.; Song, J.; Tang, J.; Liu, X.-L.; Peng, W.-X.
Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 853(1-2): 275-280
ISSN/ISBN: 1570-0232 PMID: 17466606 DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.03.035
A rapid and sensitive method for determination and screening in human plasma of talinolol is described using propranolol as the internal standard. The analytes in plasma were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction using methyl t-butyl ether. After removed and dried the upper organic phase, the extracts were reconstituted with a fixed volume of buffer of ammonium acetate and acetonitrile (60:40, v/v). The extracts were analyzed by a HPLC coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/ESI). The HPLC separation of the analytes was performed on a Phenomenex C18 (250 mmx4.6 mm, 5 microm, USA) column, with a flow rate of 0.85 mL/min. The complete elution was obtained within 5.5 min. The calibration curve was linear in the 1.0-400.0 ng/mL range for talinolol, with a coefficient of determination of 0.9996. The average extraction recovery was above 83%. The methodology recovery was between 101% and 102%. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.3 ng/mL for talinolol. The intraday and inter-day coefficients of variation were less than 6%. This HPLC-MS/ESI procedure was used to assess the pharmacokinetics of talinolol. A single oral 50 mg dose of talinolol tablet was administered to 12 healthy Chinese volunteers, the main pharmacokinetic data are as follows: Cmax was 147.8+/-63.8 ng/mL; tmax was 2.0+/-0.7 h; t1/2 was 12.0+/-2.6 h. The method is accurate, sensitive and simple for the pharmacokinetic study of talinolol.