Developmentally regulated, alternative RNA splicing-generated pectoral muscle-specific troponin T isoforms and role of the NH2-terminal hypervariable region in the tolerance to acidosis
Ogut, O.; Jin, J.P.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(43): 27858-27866
The structure-function relationship of the alternative RNA splicing-generated NH2-terminal variable region of troponin T (TnT) is essential for understanding the physiological significance of developmental or muscle-specific TnT isoforms. Representing the hypervariable nature of the NH2-terminal region, a repeating transition metal-binding sequence (H(E/A)EAH)4-7 (Tx) has been found in chicken fast skeletal muscle TnT. In the present study, the developmentally regulated pectoral muscle-specific expression of this novel TnT isoform has been characterized. It was found that the variable amino terminus determined the isoelectric points of the TnT isoforms expressed, and the adult muscle-specific inclusion of the Tx sequence resulted in pectoralis TnTs, which were significantly more acidic in their NH2-terminal segment versus gastrocnemius TnTs. Experiments testing the effect of pH on TnT interaction with troponin I and tropomyosin indicated that although the interaction of acidic TnT isoforms with troponin I was less sensitive to the decrease of pH than the basic TnTs, the binding affinity of acidic TnT isoforms with tropomyosin was minimally affected by the decreased pH in contrast to basic TnT isoforms. Given that the majority of adult skeletal muscles express basic fast TnT isoforms, the switching between acidic and basic TnT isoforms may play a role in the functional adaptation of muscle to acidosis.