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Direct extraction of oil from sunflower seeds by twin-screw extruder according to an aqueous extraction process: Feasibility study and influence of operating conditions



Direct extraction of oil from sunflower seeds by twin-screw extruder according to an aqueous extraction process: Feasibility study and influence of operating conditions



Industrial crops and products 26(3): 351-359



The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an aqueous process to extract sunflower seed oil using a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Aqueous extraction was carried out using whole seeds and the influence of the operating conditions on oil yield was examined. Operating conditions included screw profile, screw rotation speed, and input flow rates of sunflower seeds and water. Liquid/solid separation required the addition of a lignocellulosic residue upstream from the filtration zone. However, even with maximum fiber input flow, drying of the cake meal did not improve. The lixiviation of the sunflower seeds was also incomplete. The aqueous extraction of the oil was more efficient in the twin-screw extruder than the reference trial conducted in a batch reactor. The best oil extraction yield obtained was approximately 55% and the residual oil content of the cake meal was approximately 30%. The hydrophobic phases produced were oil-in-water emulsions. These emulsions were stabilized by phospholipids and proteins at the interface, which are natural surface-active agents co-extracted during the process.

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Accession: 015516477

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DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2007.05.001



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