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Direct fluorimetric assay for proteolytic activity against intact proteins

Direct fluorimetric assay for proteolytic activity against intact proteins

Analytical Biochemistry 64(2): 556-566

The proteolytic activities of -chymotrypsin, trypsin, pepsin, bromelain, and an extract from germinating pumpkin seeds were determined by their ability to effect the release of 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate bound to internal hydrophobic sites in intact protein substrates resulting in a decline in fluorescence. Casein, glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase, urease, catalase, pumpkin seed globulin, and bovine serum albumin enhanced the fluorescence of 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate sufficiently to be used as proteolytic substrates in this assay procedure. The activity of 1 g chymotrypsin or trypsin and 100 ng pepsin could be easily detected by this method within 4 to 8 min depending upon the protein substrate. The digestive enzymes and bromelain exhibited activity against most if not all six of the protein substrates used. In contrast, the extract from germinating pumpkin seeds exhibited significant activity only against pumpkin seed globulin, with maximal activity at pH 7.4. Compared with the assay method for proteolytic activity utilizing ninhydrin analysis of the reaction products, this method was at least 10 times more rapid and gave significant detectable activity with much lower quantities of proteolytic enzyme.

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Accession: 015516512

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1093444

DOI: 10.1016/0003-2697(75)90468-6

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