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Direct observation of histone H2B-YFP fusion proteins and transport of their mRNA between conjugating Paramecia

Direct observation of histone H2B-YFP fusion proteins and transport of their mRNA between conjugating Paramecia

Gene 395(1-2): 108-115

Cytoplasmic exchange between conjugating cells of Paramecium caudatum has been implicated by mating experiments using wild-type and behavioral mutant cells. To observe macromolecular transport between mating cells, we cloned and expressed the P caudatum histone H2B gene as a fusion protein attached to an enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) named PcVenus. Significant fluorescent signals derived from histone H2B-PeVenus were detected throughout the macro- and micronuclei of transformant cells after microinjection of the expression vector. The normal growth and high mating reactivity of the transformants indicated that H2B-PcVenus functioned normally. Seven hours after a transformant cell expressing histone 1-1213-PeVenus was mated with an untransformed complementary mating-type cell, fluorescence derived from histone H2B-PcVenus was emitted from the macronuclei of the untransformed cell. About 48 h later, the fluorescent signal was detected not only in the macro- and micronuclei of untransformed cells but also in the macronuclear ardagen of both mating cells. This suggests that conjugant cells share parental histones during meiosis and subsequent DNA rearrangement. Single-cell RT-PCR analysis demonstrated the presence of H2B-PcVenus mRNA in untransformed cells 15 and 24 h after conjugation. We concluded that at least the mRNA of histone H2B-PcVenus was transferred from the transformed, to the untransformed cell during conjugation.

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Accession: 015516809

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PMID: 17408886

DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2007.02.013

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