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Diversity of soil Meso-Fauna in soil dressed and no-dressed fields



Diversity of soil Meso-Fauna in soil dressed and no-dressed fields



Transactions of the Japanese Society of Irrigation Drainage and Reclamation Engineering 75(2): 1-6



Diversities of soil meso-fauna and types and amounts of fertilizer in soil dressed and no-dressed fields around Tama-shi, Tokyo were investigated in this study. Diversity index of Simpson (1/lambda) and that of Fisher (a+1) were employed for evaluating bio-diversity. There was no certain difference in population, number of genera and two types of diversity indices between dressed and no-dressed fields. Fisher's diversity index seemed to be larger in soil dressed fields, while Simpson's diversity index seemed larger in no-dressed fields. According to Stabilized soil moisture increases number of soil meso-fauna, we concluded that combination of those indices of soil meso-fauna enables to, estimate the degree of farming term of the field after soil dressing. Co-relation analysis showed Fisher's diversity index was significantly affected with amounts of fertilizers. We also concluded fertilizer application support increasing Fisher's diversity index of soil meso-fauna in fields.

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